This surname GALLES occurs in Perthshire and Aberdeen where the common pronunciation of the name is Gaw and was used of Lowlanders, since the name was derived from the Gaelic 'gal' and meant one who was a stranger, a foreigner. It was originally brought into England during the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1066, and Walter Galle of London appears to be the first of the name on record in 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. The name is also found in the Welsh borders and in County Lincolnshire where it applied to immigrants from France. Adam Richard Galle was documented in 1221 in Wales, and John Gal appears in Scotland in 1334. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. Later instances of the name include Julyan Gawle, who was buried at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1550, and David Gall and Ann Risbridger were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1758. A notable bearer of the name was Johann Gottreid Galle (1812-1910) the German astronomer born in Pabsthaus, near Wittenberg. In 1846 he discovered the planet Neptune, whose existence had already been postulated in earlier calculations. From 1851 until 1857 he was the director of the Breslau observatory.
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