This surname of GALLEAR is the French form of the English surname Waller and was of two fold origin. It was an occupational name 'the waller' one who built walls, a mason or a name for someone who extracted the salt from sea-water. It was also used of 'a man of pleasant temper' derived from the Old French word GALURE, and was brought into England from central France in the wake of the Norman Invasion. Early records of the name mention William Waliere, 1185 County Kent. William le Waller was a bailiff of Norwich in the year 1232. Robert le Walur is listed from the County of Norfolk in the year 1273 and in the same year Peter le Walur is mentioned from the County of Oxford. Thomas Dyecok Waller, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379 as was Willelmus Goderd Waller in the same year. Edmund Waller registered at Oxford University in 1608. William Waller married Honor Spicer at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1731. Sir Richard Waller, knight of Groombridge, County of Kent, was one of the heroes of Agincourt, who, for his services, obtained the addition to his crest by Henry V. In place of the original Walnut tree he obtained a shield of the arms of the French Prince. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Other names mentioned are Edmund Waller (1606-87) an English poet and politician, born in Coleshill near Amersham, Herts. and, in the year (1816-70) was Augustus Volney Waller, an English physicist, born near Faversham, who discovered the related Wallerian method of tracing nerve fibres. The name survives in France in the forms Gallear, Galler, Gallier, Galliers, Gallyers and Galyer. This ancient family was Sir Richard Waller, Knight of Groombridge, one of the heroes of Agincourt, who obtained from Henry V. for his services on that memorable occasion when he took the Duke of Orleans prisoner, the addition to his crest, originally a walnut tree, of a shield of the arms of the French Prince.
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