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Galland Coat of Arms / Galland Family Crest

Galland Coat of Arms / Galland Family Crest

This surname of GALLAND was a French nickname for a cheerful or high-spirited person, originally derived from the Old French word GALER (to be in good humour, to enjoy oneself). The name was also an occupational name for a jailer, or for one who lived near the local jail. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form CAVEOLA (cage), and was brought into England during the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The name has numerous variant spellings which include GAIL, GALLON, GALAND, GALANT, GALANTE, GALAN, GALANCIAK, GALLANDON and GALANDIN. Early records of the name in England include Thomas Galaund who was recorded in the year 1273 in County Suffolk and Adam Galland was documented in the year 1274 in County Hampshire. John Galande appears in 1326 in County Essex and John Gallandere of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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