The associated coat of arms for this name GALATI are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The name is also spelt GALLO, GALLARATI, GALLELLI, GALLUCCIO and GALLATIN. This Italian and Spanish surname was a nickname from the cock, originally rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form GALLUS. The name was originally given to a person with some of the attributes associated with this bird, as for example a fine voice or sexual prowess. As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people began to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other country. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the country for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. A notable member of the name was Albert GALLATIN (1761-1849) the Swiss-born American financier and statesman, born in Geneva. He graduated at Geneva in 1779, and went in 1780 to the USA. He taught French at Harvard, bought land in Virginia and Pennyslvania, in 1793 was elected a senator and in 1795 a member of the House of Representatives. He took an important part in the peace negotiations with Britain in 1814, and signed the Treaty of Ghent. From 1815 to 1823 he was minister at Paris, in 1826 at London. He wrote on finance, politics and the Indian tribes.
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