The surname of FRANKLAND was a locational name from the Old French 'francland' meaning the dweller at the freeland. Local names derived from a place name. indicating where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The Old English form of the name was FRANKELAND. A notable member of the name was Sir Edward Frankland (1825-1899) the English organic chemist, born in Churchtown, Lancashire. He became professor at the Royal Institution in London in the year 1863. He propounded the theory of Valency (1852-60) and with Lockyer, discovered helium in the sun's atmosphere in 1868. He was an expert on sanitation and was awarded the Copley medal in 1894. Family names are a fashion we have inherited from the times of the Crusades in Europe, when knights identified one another by adding their place of birth to their first or Christian names. With so many knights, this was a very practical step. In the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries the nobles and upper classes, particularly those descended from the knights of the Crusades, recognised the prestige an extra name afforded them, and added the surname to the simple name given to them at birth.
The associated arms are recorded in The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, by Sir Bernard Burke C.D.,LL.D., Ulster King of Arms. (Registered at Thirkelby, Co.York).
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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