The Spanish and Portugese name of FRAGOSO is a topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of rocky ground. The name was derived from the Old Spanish and Portugese word FRAGOSO (rocky, uneven) and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form FRAGOSUS. The name is also spelt FRAGA and FRAGONARD. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. A notable member of the name was Jean Honore FRAGONARD (1732-1806) the French Rococo artist, who developed considerable ability as a landscape artist. His 'Fantasy Portraits' of the late 1760's display an energy of brushwork reminiscent of Rubens. Portugese surnames share many of the features of Spanish surnames, in particular Arabic and Visigothic influence. A notable feature of Portugese surnames is the class of religious names referring to festivals of the church or attributes of the Virgin Mary. One respect in which Portugese names differ from those of the rest of the Iberian peninsular, is that some were adopted at a comparatively late date and honour saints who did not give rise to surnames in other languages. Portugese names typically have the ending 'eiro'. Portugese heraldry is characterized by the use of broad shields, quite often with borders. This is a practice dating back from earlier times when it was the practice for a man to enclose his arms with a border charged with single heraldic devices taken from the arms of his wife, or even sometimes with her complete arms arranged as a series of small shields. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
Translation of Arms: Azure (blue) symbolizes Venus, Loyalty and Truth; Or (yellow), the Sun , Nobility and Valour.
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