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Fereday Coat of Arms / Fereday Family Crest

Fereday Coat of Arms / Fereday Family Crest

The surname of FEREDAY is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic O'Fearadaigh meaning 'the descendant of Fearadach' a personal name apparently composed of the Celtic elements meaning 'man' and 'wood'. The name is also spelt Faraday. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. In England the name was an occupational name from the Old English word 'faren' to travel, a travelling merchant or pedlar. Early records of the name mention Thomas Faraday who was documented in 1379 in County Yorkshire, and William Fereday appears in Lancashire in 1400. A notable member of the name was Michael Faraday (1791-1867) the English chemist and physicist, creator of classical field theory. He was born near London, the son of a blacksmith, and was apprenticed to a bookbinder, whose books sparked his interest in science. He became famous for his discovery of electric and magneto-electric induction and for his work on electrolysis. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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