This surname of FENEMER was of two-fold origin. It was a nickname derived from the Old French FIN AMOUR meaning 'dear-love', a clever or elegant man. It also meant delicate, skilled, cunning (originally a noun from the Latin finis, end, extremity, boundary, later used also as an adjective in the sense, 'ultimate and excellent'). The name was brought early to England, and was found in Leinster as early as the 13th century. The name is also spelt Fenemore, Fenimore and Fennemore. It was also a place name from FINMERE a parish in County Oxford, eight miles from Bicester. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Richard William FINAMUR, who was recorded in 1204 in County Durham. Gilbert de FENAMORE, was recorded in County Wiltshire in 1273. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Later instances of the name include John FYNAMORE, who registered at Oxford University in the year 1539, and John FYNNEMOR and Anne Flynter, were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1597. John, son of William FINMORE, was buried at St. Paul's, Covent Garden, London in 1673. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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