This surname was of the baptismal group of surnames 'the son of Isot'. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, perhaps from Germany where the name was spelt as ISHILD. The earliest of the name recorded was ISELDIS (without surname) who was documented as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. YSOUDE (without surname) appears in County Norfolk in the year 1186, and HYSODE is found in early documents in 1200, County Yorkshire. John Isot was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Thomas Isolde, was recorded in County Lancashire in 1400. Richard Stack and Miriam Izard who were married in Canterbury in the year 1661. George Liddell married Rachel Izatt, 1666 ibid. Thomas Izzard married Elizabeth Fesson at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1670. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The earliest French hereditary surnames are found in the 12th century, at more or less the same time as they arose in England, but they are by no means common before the 13th century, and it was not until the 15th century that they stabilized to any great extent; before then a surname might be handed down for two or three generations, but then abandoned in favour of another. In the south, many French surnames have come in from Italy over the centuries, and in Northern France, Germanic influence can often be detected. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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