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Eyre Coat of Arms / Eyre Family Crest

Eyre Coat of Arms / Eyre Family Crest

The surname of EYRE was a baptismal name 'the son of the heir'. The name was derived from the Old English word 'heyre' and was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as ALCHER. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Early records of the name also mention Ralph le Eir, who was was documented in County Essex, 1208. Robertus Heres was recorded in Gloucestershire in 1220. Henry le Eyer, 1273 County Oxford and John Ayr was recorded in Scotland in the year 1296. William le Eyre, of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Adam le Eyr, County Cambridge, ibid. One of several families bearing the surname traces its descent from Humphrey le Heyr of Bromham, County Wiltshire, who was one of the crusaders who accompanied Richard I to the Holy Land in the 12th century. One of several families bearing the surname traces its descent from Humphrey le Heyr of Bromham, County Wiltshire, who was one of the crusaders who accompanied Richard I to the Holy Land in the 12th century. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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