The surname of EYLER was a locational name 'the dweller on the island' from residence on a piece of land on the river. The name is of Norman origin, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The name is mainly found in the Gloucestershire area. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Almost every city, town or village existing in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. Where a man lived was his means of identification. When a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known, and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or birthplace, or by the name of the land which he owned. The name is also spelt EYLE, EYLES, IYLER and EILER. Early records of the name mention Ralph Ille, 1202, County Norfolk. Andrew del Ille was documented in County Oxford in the year 1255. William Ille of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Iles of Chester, registered at Oxford University in the year 1550. Charles Carter and Susanne Isles were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1678. At first, the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield, and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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