The name EVERIST was a locational name 'of Evreux' in Normandy, France, the dwellers on the Ebura or Eura river. This famous surname has travelled from Normandy to Nepal, via Britain. Early records of the name mention Robert Everis, 1495 County Yorkshire. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to Lieut. Col. George Everest, East India Co. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. Sir George EVEREST (1790-1847) was an English military engineer and later surveyor-general of India. He completed the trigonmetrical survey of the Indian sub-continent in 1841. Mount Everest is named after him. Families acquired a place name as a surname under three different sets of circumstances. Either the man lived or worked in, on or near some topographic formation or landscape feature, either natural or artificial or he formerly lived in a village, town or city and acquired the reputation of being from that place. Finally he owned or was lord of the village or manor designated. In the overwhelming majority of cases it is impossible to say whether a remote ancestor owned the manor or had merely once lived in that place. However, it is safe to say that in most cases a manor or village name merely identifies the place where the original bearer of the name formerly resided.
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