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Escudero Coat of Arms / Escudero Family Crest

Escudero Coat of Arms / Escudero Family Crest

This French surname ESCUDERO was a status name for a man belonging to the social rank immediately below that of a knight, originally derived from the Old French word 'escuyer' and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. At first it denoted a young man of good birth attendant on a knight, or by extension any attendant or servant, but by the 14th century the meaning had been generalized, and referred to social status rather than age. By the 17th century the term denoted any member of the landed gentry, but this is unlikely to have influence the development of the surname. The earliest French hereditary surnames are found in the 12th century, at more or less the same time as they arose in England, but they are by no means common before the 13th century, and it was not until the 15th century that they stabilized to any great extent; before then a surname might be handed down for two or three generations, but then abandoned in favour of another. In the south, many French surnames have come in from Italy over the centuries, and in Northern France, Germanic influence can often be detected. The name has numerous variants which include SQUIRE, SWIRE, LECUYER, SCUDIERI, ESCUDE and SWIERS, to name but a few. Early records of the name in England mention Alword se Scuir who was recorded in the year 1100 in the County of Devon. William Le Scuer was documented in County Suffolk in the year 1180 and John le Squier, was recorded County Cambridge in 1273. Adam Squire of County Somerset, was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377. Agnes Squier was of Yorkshire listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. An eminent member of the name was Sir John Collings Squire (1884-1958). He was the English author, born in Plymouth. He wrote light vert and short stories, including 'Tricks of the Trade' written in 1917. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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