The surname of ENGLUND was an English and Swedish locational name meaning 'of the Ing-land' - the meadow land by the stream. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name has numerous variant spellings which include ENG, ENGH, ENGMAN, ENGBERG, ENGDAHL, ENGLAND and ENGSTREOM. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Early records of the name in England mention Nicholas de Engelond of the County of Cornwall in 1260. John Ingelond of County Essex, was documented in the year of 1327. Alicia de Ingeland who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Joseph Ingland and Anne Smith were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1668. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. The arms were registered in Great Yarmouth, and were granted to Sir George England in 1671. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
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