This surname ELLOR is of many distinct origins. It was a German habitation name from places in the Northern Rhine and Moselle areas, so called from an old stream-name ELERA. It was a Low German topographic name for someone who lived by an elder tree. As a Jewish surname it is a variant of the name HELLER, and in Italy it is the Venetian form of the given name Hilary which was a medieval given name, originally derived from the Latin HILARIUS, meaning cheerful and glad, happy and joyful. The Latin name was chosen by many early Christians to express their joy and hope of salvation, and was borne by several saints, including a 4th century bishop of Poitiers, noted for his vigorous resistance to the Arian heresy, and a 5th century bishop of Arles. Largely due to veneration of the first of these, the name became popular in France in the forms Hilari and Hilaire, and was brought to England by the Norman conquerors. The name has a second origin, from the Latin Eulalia, meaning eloquent and well-speaking, chosen by early Christians as a reference to the gift of tongues, likewise introduced into England by the Normans. A Saint Eulalia was crucified at Barcelona in the reign of the Emperor Diocletian, and became the patron of that city. It was also a French baptismal name from the medieval given name ELOY, rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form ELIGIUS. The name was made popular by a 6th century saint who came to be venerated as the patron of smiths and horses. The name is also spelt ELOI, ELLOY, ELLEY, GLOY, GLEY, LOY and LEY. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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