The surname of ELKINGTOWNE was a locational name 'of Elkington' a parish in County Northampton, three miles from Welford. Also 'of Elkington' North and South, in County Lincoln, near Louth. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention John de Elkington, County Lincoln, 1273. Thomas Elkington of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name mention a certain John Crick who married Joyce Elkington at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1700. Coleman Gill married Mary Elkington, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1807. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. A notable member of the name was George Richards Elkington (1801-65) the English inventor and manufactorer. He was based in Birmingham from 1832, and he introduced electroplating in conjunction with his cousin Henry Elkington (1810-52). It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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