The surname of EGLESTON was a local name 'of Eggleston' a chapelry in the parish of Middleton-in-Teesdale, County Durham and of Eggleston Abbey in the parish of Rokeby, union of Teesdale in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was originally rendered in the Old English form EGLESTUN, literally meaning the dweller at or near a stream. The earliest of the name on record appears to be EGLESTON (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. EGLESTON (without surname) was recorded in Durham in the year 1161.Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Later records of the name mention Simon de EGLITON who was documented in the year 1473 in County Rutland. Christopher Day and Margery EGGLESTON were married in London in 1581. Richard Eggleston sailed for Virginia from the Port of London in the year 1635. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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