This Scottish surname is derived from the Gaelic DUGHALL, meaning 'the black stranger'. The name occured in the 11th century as TUFCAL, and is found in Norse documents as KONUNGA SOGUR. Dufgal filius Mocche appears in a complaint by the monks of St. Serf's Island in Loche Leven in the year 1128. Duuegall witnessed a gift of a church in 1208. Dugall thane of Molen was one on an inquisition on the king's garden at Elgin and the lands belonging to it in the year 1261. Patrick Dougall was the burgess of Ayr in 1415, and Edward Dougall was a witness at Perth in 1552. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over a hundred years later, though the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. A general council held at Forfar in 1061, during the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions and there created ' the first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. In Scotland the Norman came not as as conqueror but a peaceful citizen, and entered along with those whom he had himself overcome in England. He was soon lost in the mixed nationality of his new home. He gave Scotland many of her so called nobility and three royal families, Balliol, Bruce and Stewart. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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