The name DORIS is derived from the Gaelic O'Doghair and de Hoir. The sept originated on the Fermanagh-Monaghan border, whence it spread to Tyrone and in the other direction to north Longford. The supposed connection with County Limerick arose from O'Dures, the plural of O'Dure, an early anglicized form of O'Doghair, now Dore. The name was of French origin, taken to Ireland by settlers after the Conquest. It was a baptismal name 'the son of Isadore'. Family names are a fashion we have inherited from the times of the Crusades in Europe, when knights identified one another by adding their place of birth to their first or Christian names. With so many knights, this was a very practical step. In the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries the nobles and upper classes, particularly those descended from the knights of the Crusades, recognised the prestige an extra name afforded them, and added the surname to the simple name given to them at birth. The name is familiar to counties Leitrim and Roscommon. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames: they came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. Early records of the name mention Geoffrey de Dory, County Lincoln, 1273. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America.
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