This Russian and Jewish surname of DLUGOSZ was a nickname for someone who habitually wore long skirts, originally derived from the Russian DOLGI (long) and POLA (skirt). It was also a Jewish topographic name for someone who lived at a long field. Occasionally the name was also acquired by someone who owed a particular feudal obligation. The name is also spelt DLUGOSZ, DOLGOV, DLOUHY, DLUG, DLUGACZ and DOLGIN. When the first immigrants from Europe went to America, the only names current in the new land were Indian names which did not appeal to Europeans vocally, and the Indian names did not influence the surnames or Christian names already possessed by the immigrants. Mostly the immigrant could not read or write and had little or no knowledge as to the proper spelling, and their names suffered at the hands of the government officials. The early town records are full of these mis-spelt names most of which gradually changed back to a more conventional spelling as education progressed. When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people often took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being changed after emigration to other countries, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. Heraldry appeared later in Russia than in most other Western European countries. It is generally agreed that it was copied from the west sometime in the late 17th century, and quickly achieved state significance. In 1722 Emperor Peter I (The Great) established an official Heraldry Office headed by a Master of Heraldry under the jurisdiction of the Senate. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. (DLUGOSZ)
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