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Desborough Coat of Arms / Desborough Family Crest

Desborough Coat of Arms / Desborough Family Crest

The surname of DESBOROUGH was a locational name 'of Desborough' a parish in County Northampton and there is a place of the name in Buckinghamshire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word DWOSTLE, an aromatic plant, formerly much used in herbal cures. The earliest of the name on record appears to be DUSTENBERG (without surname) who was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English nobility were soon granted to his followers. Domesday Book was compiled 20 years later. The Saxon Chronicle records that in 1085 'at Gloucester at midwinter, the King had deep speech with his counsellors, and sent men all over England to each shire to find out, what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and what it was worth. The returns were brought to him'. William was thorough. One of his Counsellors reports that he also sent a second set of Commissioners 'to shires they did not know and where they were themselves unknown, to check their predecessors' survey, and report culprits to the King'. The information was collected at Winchester, corrected, abridged, and copied by one single writer into a single volume. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were copied, by several writers into a second volume. The whole undertaking was completed at speed, in less than 12 months. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Other records of the name mention Robert Desbrow and Ellinor Sharrard who were married at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1703. Thomas Stirrup and Frances Desborough were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1770. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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