Derbyshire and the Domesday Book

Derbyshire and the Domesday Book in 1086 William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, King of England Land Holdings in Derbyshire in Domesday - 1086 The King, Duke William,retained many of the Derbyshire lordships and manors in his distribution of power, including Derby itself. The village lordships and holdings were managed by prelates, bailiffs, stewards, or men-at-arms who were at the Conquest.

Alsop le Dale Asbourne Ashford(in the Water) Aston(near Hope) Aston Bakewell Barrow-upon-Trent Baslow Beeley Birchill Blackwell Blingsby Bonsall Boythorpe Bretby Brimington Broadlowosh Bubnell Burley Burton Callow Calow Calver Carsington Chatsworth Chellaston Chelton Chesterfield Chisworth Chunal CoalAston Coldeaton Conkesbury Cotes in Darley Coton-in-the-Elms Cottons Cromford Darley Derby Dinting Dronfield Eckington Edale Eyam Farley Fenny Bentley Flagg Glossop Great Rowsley Greyhurst Hadfield Hallam Handson Grange Hadstoft Hassop Hathersage Hayfield Hogneston Home Hope Hopton Ible Ingleby Kidsley Kinder Hirk Ireton Litchurch Little Chester Litttle Eaton Longdendale Ludwell Lullington Mapperley Mappleton Marsh Matlock Matlock Bridge Melbourne Milton Monyash Nether Haddon Newbold Newton Solney Normanton by Derby Offcote Offerton One Ash Osmaston by Derby Over Haddon Parwich Peak Cavern Priestcliffe Quarndon Ravensholme Repton Rosliston Rowland Sandiacre Shardlow Shatton Sheldon Smalley Snitterton Snodeswick Soham Stantonby Bridge Stoke Stony Middleton Swarkeston Taddington Tansley Tapton Temple Normanton Thornsett Thorpe Tibshelf Ticknall Tideswell Tunstal Tupton Unstone Upton Walton Walton-upon-Trent Waterfield Wensley Weston upon Trent Whitfield Whittington Willesley Wingerworth Wirksworth Henry de Ferrers Holdings; Derbyshire 1086 William and Henri de Ferrierers were at the Battle of Hastings and were said to have brought many companies to the action. It is apparent that elder brother William fell in the battle, little more is heard of him, although a successor, William de Ferrieres, led Duke Robert of Normandy's rebellious army in 1190 and 1106. William and Henri were both the sons of Walkelin de Ferrierers, seigneur of St.Hilaire de Ferrierers near Bernay in Normandy. The family were allied to the Count of Mortain, half brother of the Duke of Normandy. Walkelin had been killed in a joust with Hugh de Montfort prior to the Conquest, when both men died.

Meanwhile, Henri de Ferrieres became a major land holder, almost all of the hundred of Appletree in Derbyshire. He was granted 210 manors and lordships throughout England and Wales by Duke William of Normandy for his cospicuous bravery and support at Hastings. 114 of these were in Derbyshire and much of Nottingham over which he held virtual rule. The family became the Earls of both Derby and Nottingham, but the alternate title and estates of Earl Ferrers, aka, were lost in 1266 to the son of Henry III, Edmund, Earl of Leicester.

In 1068, after Duke William's march through the southern midlands, it is not known where Henri elected his chief domain. In 1071, Hugh Lupus was made Earl of Chester, (see Cheshire Domesday on this Web site) surrendered Tutbury Castle in Staffordshire and Henri Ferrers made it his chief domain, even though his son would become the first Earl of Derby. Henri had three sons, Enguenulf, William and Robert. The two eldest predeceased Henri, and his successor became Robert, his youngest son and the first Earl of Derby some time before 1138. Succeeding, his son, the second Earl, distinguished himself at the Battle of the Standard, and the Earldom was confirmed by King Stephen in 1139. His son, lost Tutbury in a rebellion against King Henry II. Tutbury Castle was demolished. His son, William, was favourite of King John( see the Magna Carta (1215)on this web site) and was at the seige of Lincoln. He was granted many lordships in Northampton.

Another branch of the Ferrers to the south in Devon had several important holdings as under-tenants to the Count of Mortain. Reginald Peverel, the under-tenant of Bere Ferrer and Newton Ferrers in Devon, may have been the son of William, the elder brother of Henri, and was probably not at the Conquest.

Modern Name Today Alkmonton Arleston Ash Aston Aston-upon-Trent Atlow Barton Blount Bearwardcote Birchover Boyleston Bradbourne Bradley(in Belper) Bradley(near Asbourne) Brailsford Brassington Breadsall Breaston Bupton Burnaston Catton Chaddesden Church Broughton Cowley Coxbench Cubley Dalbury Doveridge Duffield Eaton Dovedale Edensor Edlaston Elton Etwall Fenton Foston Gratton Harthill Hartington Hartshorne Hatton Holbrook Hollington Hough Hungry Bentley Ivonbrook Kedleston Linton Little Ireton Longstone Makeney Markeaton Marston-upon-Dove Mercaston Middleton Milford Morley Mugginton Nether Seal Newton Norbury Osleston Osmaston Over Seal Pilsbury Pilsley Potter Somersale Radbourne Rodsley Roston Sapperton Scropton Sedsall Shirley Shottle Sinfin Snelston Somersal Herbert Spondon Stanton Stanton in the Peak Stenson Sturston Sudbury Thulston Thurvaston Tissington Trusley Twyford Wallstone Winster Wormhill Wyaston Yeaveley Yeldersely Youlgreave William Peverel Holdings; Derbyshire 1086 William de Peverel, the next major land holder in Derbyshire, was somewhat of a mystery. There are strong claims he was the bastard son of Duke William of Normandy in a relationship with Maud, daughter of a Saxon noble, Ingleric. Whether this lady was married to Ranulph? before or after the relationship is uncertain. The difficulty in the argument is one of timing. If he, William Peveral, appears in 1068 in charge of Nottingham Castle, he must have been at least twenty years old. That makes this liaison between Duke William and Maud somewhere around 1046 and must have been in Normandy. This is supported by both William and his half brother, Ranulf, both being of age, were recorded at the Battle of Hastings. Nevertheless, William Peveral became the holder of Nottingham Castle, and a further 162 lordships and manors throughout England and Wales, including the Peak Castle in Derbyshire, all granted by Duke William of Normandy. The grant almost blended the distinction of the two counties, Nottingham and Derby and courts of assize were held alternately between the two jurisdictions. The royal relationship of William Peveral was further clouded by Ranulph Peverel, legitmate son of Maud and Ranulph, half brother of William, possibly treated (theoretically) as a stepson? of the Duke, who, surprisingly, was granted 64 manors, almost as many as William Peverel (69 manors) in Nottingham. From Ranulph is descended the distinguished baronial family of Peverel and its many branches. William Peverel, on the other hand, married Adelina, daughter of Roger de Poitou( see Earl of Lancaster, and Lancashire and the Domesday, on this Web Site) and acquired, through her, many lordships in Lancashire, probably a few years after the Domesday around 1094 or soon after. when Roger died. William was succeeded by his second son, William Peverel.

This Peverel mystery could all be wrapped up with some small conjecture. Maud could have been a Saxon lady who was in the train of Edward the Confessor in his thirty year exile in Normandy, and, after the liaison with the Duke, Maud later married Ranulph, a Norman noble in Normandy. This latter's background is unclear, but he must obviously have made the grade at the Norman Court. Hence, both half brothers were of age, and at the Battle of Hastings with the Duke. The Duke was not without favour to both.

Abney Bolsover Bradwell Codnor Glapwell Hazlebadge Heanor Hucklow Langley Litton Shirland South Normanton South Wingfield Uftonfields Hascoit Musard Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Hascoit Musard,was a Breton Noble, son of Hasculph, Viscount of Nantes but others claim the family were descended from the Lords of Sauxelles in Le Marche. He was the eldest of four brothers who arrived in the train of Count Alan the Red of Brittany at the Conquest. He was granted the great barony of Staveley in Derbyshire, his chief domain, as well as manors and lordships in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire.

Barlow Killamarsh Holme(inChesterfield) Stavely Ralph FitzHubert Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Robert FitzHubert (Ralph), held several lordships in chief. His (may have been two brothers, Rober and Ralph) lineage is not well defined. That he/they was/were kinsman (nepos) of Henri de Ferrierers is reasonably certain. Tbe father, Hubert de Corcun, (now Curzon) a seigneur of a fief in the barony of Ferrierers in Normandy, held West Lockinge in Berkshire of Henri de Ferrers, the tenant in chief. He/they were not neceesarily 'natural' sons, a Fitz myth long since exploded. Boscherville, Curzon and Livet were all surnames deriving from this feoffment.

Ashover Ballidon Bamford Barlborough Boulton Clifton Clowne Crich Duckmanton Egstow Handley near Stretton Handley near Stavely Hopwell Kirk Langley Lea Mosborough Newton(near Alfreton) Palterton Pentrich Ripley Scarcliffe Shuckstonfield Stretton Stretton Hall Upper Hurst Whitwell Willington Walter d'Aincourt Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Walter d'Aincourt from the parish of Aincourt in the Norman Vexin was granted 67 lordships and manors by Duke William for his great zeal at the Battle of Hastings. He may also have held Ancourt in Dieppe. The ruins of their castle were still extant in 1870. An epitaph is preserved in Lincoln Cathedral. His chief domain was at Blankney in Lincolnshire but he also held in Northampton. Ralph d'Aincourt (brother) was a great feudal baron in Nottinghamnshire and it is said that there was considerable royal blood in the family. The family of Agnew claim descent. There may also be a connection to the family of Dangu, from the domain of Dangu, but they did not hold the Castle. This domain later passed to the Ferrierers, which would make sense. Derbyshire was 'all in the family', as many counties were.

Brampton Elmton Holmesfield Morton North Wingfield Ogston Owlcotes Padfield Pilsley Stoney Houghton Wadshelf Wessington Williamthorpe Roger de Bully Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Roger de Bully, a very ominous surname, which may well have given rise to the extant word today. But for its Norman origins we must go to Normandy and its many variations. Although seated at Bully in the Siene-Inf near Drincourt, the name was also spelt Buslei, Busli, Builli, Buulli, Boulli, Bulli, even Busliaco. That he, Roger, was close to Duke William there can be no doubt. The Duke himself, along with other high magnates, witnessed the charter of the sale of the tithe of the Abbey of the Holy Trinity of Rouen by Roger de Buslei. He was also allied to the Count d'Eu, his brother in law. Many of Roger's holdings were in Yorkshire but he did have some grants in other counties, including Derbyshire, but his chief domain was probably that of Sutton in Somerset.

Alfreton Bramley Risley Rowthorn Ralph de Buron Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Ralph de Buron, was seated in Normandy at Bures, near Bayeux. Michel de Bures was apparently the scion of the family and was at the Battle of Hastings. He was granted two manors in Somerset and one in Hertfordshire. He had three sons, Walter, Erenis, and Radulfus(Ralph) all of whom received grants. That the family is notable is proven by Pierre de Bures who was Viscount of Dieppe. Ralph received grants in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.

Denby Horsley Weston Underwood Nigel of Stafford Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Nigel of Stafford, was of the notable Norman Tosny family. Nigel de Toeny or Tosny, who adopted the name Stafford, was younger brother of Robert de Stafford, hereditary Standard Bearer of Normandy. Robert became castellan of the newly built Stafford Castle. Nigel's chief domain became Gresley Castle and from him was descended the Gresley family sometines spelt Greeley or Greely, a name with whom some might be familiar.

Drakelow Foremark Hearthcote Smisby (Smithsby) Swadlincote Gilbert de Ghent Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Gilbert de Ghent or Gilbert de Gand, was one of two Norman commanders who assisted Duke William in reducing Yorkshire, where he held the garrison at York. He received grants of 172 manors and lordships in England and became the Baron Folkingham. He was apparently the younger son of Baldwin, Count of Flanders but others call him merely a Flemish adventurer. The former is more likely true, considering the extent of his grants, and Baldwin's huge participation at the Battle of Hastings, and his early death death in 1067 at age 33. The difficulty if true, however, is the age of Gilbert. He could scarcely have been older than 16 at the Conquest, but he was a younger son. Either Baldwin's birth date is in error or he may have been a brother to Baldwin. His third son Walter, succeeded to his father's vast possessions and was ancester of the Earls of Lincoln.

Ilkeston Shipley Stantonby Dale Geoffrey d'Alselin Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Geoffrey de Ascelin, was from an Norman/Breton family, and the name is recorded in 943. They are descended from the Breton family of Dinan, as the family name Ascelin. Geoffrey was at the Conquest and was granted many estates in Northampton, Lincoln, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, and Nottingham. The name was recorded in Lincolnshire as Hansell. In Derbyshire it was Geoffrey de Alselin. Obviously the family was well placed in Norman court circles. The Duke of Normandy witnessed a charter of Robert Pincerna, son of Ascelin, which indicates his descent. The family continued to hold the lands of Martinvast in the Manche, in the arrondisement of Cherburg in Normandy after the Conquest.

Alvaston Egginton Ambaston Elvaston Hulland Ockbrook Earl Hugh Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Earl Hugh ,(19 at the Conquest, 39 at the Domesday Book survey), son of Richard d'Avranches, surnamed Lupus (the Wolf, or sometimes 'the Fat'), was the first earl of Chester, a palatine Count, a position which almost made him virtual King of Cheshire. He was unable to use the surname d'Avranches at this time because his father was still alive, the great Norman Viscount d'Avranches who was at Hastings. He was descended from Rognald (Ronald) father of Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy who lived in 896. The close interlocking relationship with the Conqueror's family gained him a great position of trust. Hugh, succeeded by his son Richard (7 at the conquest??, 27 at the Domesday ?? (see above, physically possible but difficult to believe, despite early bethrothals), ) as Earl of Chester eventually married Matilda, daughter of King Stephen but was drowned with his wife in the Blanche Nef shipwreck in the Channel, returning to Normandy along with many other Norman magnates. After the Conquest, Hugh Lupus was one of the largest land holders in all England He eventually became hereditary viscount Averanchin or Averanches, sometimes De Abrincis, in the department of Manche in Normandy, neighours of the notable Percy family of Northumberland and the Massey family of Cheshire whose chief domain was at Dunham Massey Castle. This latter family held 9 Lordships in Cheshire. Richard de Vernon was Hugh's palatine baron of Cheshire, of Castle Vernon, and held in Cheshire, also held the Castle of Shipbrook on the Wever. Hugh Lupus was a sworn companion-in-arms to William de Percy. Hugh (or his father) gave the great domain of Whitby in Yorkshire to William Percy whence sprang the notorious Percys of Northumberland. Earl Hugh held in Derbyshire :

Allestree Ednaston Kniveton Mackworth Roger de Poitou Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Count Roger of Poitou, was third son of the great Earl Roger de Montgomery II, the seignior of Mont gomerii in the arrondisement of Lisieux in Normandy. Roger of Poitou (sometimes Pictavencis, Pictavis or, in the West Riding, known as Roger le Poitevin). He was granted extensive and rich holdings in Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire were grants made by Duke William of Normandy in reward for his father's, Roger de Montgomery's assistance at the Battle of Hastings. Roger de Montgomery II was in command of a wing at the Battle of Hastings, but returned to Normandy with Queen Matilda, and the young Duke Robert as Duke William's representative. He became head of the council that governed the Duchy of Normandy in Duke William's absence in England. The Norman Montgomery family ancestry was closely interwoven either by blood or marriage with the Duchy of Normandy. Roger de Montgomery had four sons. Eldest was Robert, Count of Alencon, and his successor in Normandy. He was followed by Hugh, who inherited the Earldom of Arundel, Chichester and Shrewsbury, the life custodian of the main family domains granted in England. These would eventually go to Robert in 1098, purchased from William Rufus for 3000 pounds. Next youngest was Count Roger de Poitou who was made the first Earl of Lancaster by Duke William of Normandy, a less maganamious grant which befitted the third youngest son. Philip, the youngest, remained in Normandy and accompanied Duke Robert on the first crusade to the Holy land, and died there in 1094. His Derbyshire holdings were :

Beighton Heath Lowne Stansby Sutton Scarsdale Robert FitzWilliam Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Robert FitzWilliam, is an elusive Norman noble. He may have been the son of William Ferrieres, Henri's elder brother. He is not likely to be the son of William, Henri Ferrierer's second son, nor would he likely be related to either son of William Peverel sons, both named William, the timing does not fit. Robert FitzWilliam does not appear on any of the Rolls of the Battle of Hastings, and the name was obviously adopted to secure a relationship, a temporary surname. The Fitzwilliams later became seated at Gatehampton, held by the Crispins at Domesday. Here, it is claimed, that FitzWilliam was the natural son of King William Rufus, but this timing does not fit either, and may have been an entirely different family.

Stanley Bishop of Chester Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086 Church land was shared between theBishop of Chester and Burton Abbey and does not seem to have been plundered by the senior Bishoprics of the time, i.e., Bishop Odo, Coutances, Winchester, etc., as many other counties were.

Draycott Long Eaton Sawley Burton Abbey Holdings in Derbyshire in 1086

Caldwell Hilton Findern Middleton by Youlgreave Mickleover Potlock Sutton on the Hill

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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