This surname of DENMARK was a name given to someone who came from this country in north Europe. Viking kingdoms occupied the area from the 8th century to the 10th century, when Denmark became a united Christian monarchy under Harald Bluetooth. His grandson, Cannute, ruled over Denmark, Norway and England, forming the Danish Empire, which was dissolved soon after his death. In 1363 Norway again came under the Danish Crown by royal marriage. In 1397 Denmark and Norway joined Sweden to form the Kalmar Union, which lasted until 1523. The Peace of Copenhagen (1660) concluded a long period of conflict between Denmark and Sweden. At this time it became an absolute monarchy, which continued until 1849, when a more liberal government was formed. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. The earliest of the name on record in England appears to be Robert DENMARK and Mary Bosworth, who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1808. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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