The surname of DELAINE was a locational name 'the dweller at the alder-groves' from residence nearby. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. Early records of the name mention William de Alno, 1086, County Suffolk. Matthew Dauney of Yorkshire, was documented in the year 1251. Alexander Dawney appears in the year 1274 in County Somerset and Thomas Dauney of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. John Thaddeus DELANE (1817-79) was the English journalist, born in London. He graduated in 1839 from Magdalen Hall, Oxford, where he was more famous for horsemanship than reading. However, his father's neighbour in Berkshire, and proprietor of 'The Times' had noticed him, and in 1841 he became joint editor of 'The Times'. He did not write articles, but contributed excellent reports and letters. His exposure of the railway mania, his attacks upon the management of the Crimean War, and his strong opposition to Britain's assisting Denmark in 1864 were noteworthy. He resigned in 1877.
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