De Chastelaine Coat of Arms / De Chastelaine Family Crest
This surname DE CHASTELAINE was a locational name 'of Castellion' a small place in Normandy, France. The name could also have denoted a governor or constable of a castle who lived and worked there or it could have been the residence of a feudal lord. The name was originally derived from the Old Latin 'castellum' and was brought the name into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and is now extremely widespread throughout the world. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Hugh le Casteldein, 1235, County Essex. William Castelein was recorded in County Cambridge in the year 1273, and Ralph Castelman of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Gilbert Chastelyn of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. Later instances of the name include William Hamerton and Benet Castelyn who married in London in 1547. Henry Castleman and Dorothy Richardson who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1758, and William Castellan wed Sarah Steptoe at the same church in the year 1798. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name.
Translation of the arms Sable (black). The castle used in the arms and crest is the emblem of safety and Argent is white or silver.
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