The surname of de BUSSY was a French habitation name, from various places in France called Bussy. Almost every city, town or village extant in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. While a man lived in a town or village he would not be known by its name, as that would be no means of identification - all in the village would be so named. But when a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or by the name of the land which he owned. Some had the name of a manor or village because they were lords of that place and owned it, but the majority descend from vassals of freeman who once had lived there. The name was also spelt DEBUSSY. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. An eminent member of the name was Claude Achille De BUSSY (1862-1918) the French composer born in St. Germain-en-Laye. He received his musical education at the Paris Conservatoire, studying piano. In 1789 he travelled to Europe as the 'musical companion' of Tchaikovsky's friend Mme von Meck, and in 1884 he won the Prix de Rome with his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue. His compositions were intensely individual, and he had a profound effect on French music in general, and piano music in particular at the turn of the century. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, Surroy and Norroy in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in France. (de Bussy).
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