The surname of DAWKES was a baptismal name 'the son of David'. Early records of the name mention William filius DAWKES who was documented in 1332 in County Lancashire, and William DAWKE appears in Lancashire in the year 1300. Johannes DAUKE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William DAUKINGS married Lecia Smith at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1677. John Dawkins married Ann Ellis at St. Antholin, London in the year 1721. The name is also spelt DAWKINS, DAWKINGS and DAUKE.
An eminent member of the name was Sir William Boyd DAWKINS (1837-1929) the Welsh geologist, born at Buttington vicarage, near Welshpool. He was educated at Rossall School and Jesus College, Oxford, and in 1870 he became curator of Manchester Museum. He wrote 'Early Man in Britain' in 1880.
The name has been perennially popular in honour of the biblical king of the name, the greatest of early kings of Israel, and led to this being a given name throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. Its popularity increased in Britain firstly by virtue of its being the name of the patron saint of Wales (about which very little is known); he was probably a 6th century monk and bishop, and secondly because it was borne by two kings of Scotland (David I reigned 1124-53 and David II 1329-71). Its popularity in Russia is largely due to the fact that this was the church name adopted by St. Gleb (died 1015) one of the two sons of Vladimir, duke of Muscovy, who were martyred for their Christian zeal. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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