This surname of CUTRONA is an old surname in Galloway, Scotland but now uncommon. Michael ALCOTRAIN, was recorded in Wigtown in 1511, and Patrick COLTRANE owned lands in the parish of Kirkinner in 1663, and was the provost of Wigtown and owner of the land of Kirwaugh, Culmalzie and others in the parish of Kirkinner. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name include William COLTRANE, who signed letters to the Privy Council in 1688, and William COLTRANE was the Provost of Wigtown in 1693. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. A notable member of the name was John William COLTRANE (1926-67) the American saxophonist and composer, born in Hamlet, North Carolina. He emerged in the 1950's as one of the most influential jazz performers of the post-behop era. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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