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Curtin Family Crest / Curtin Coat of Arms

Curtin Family Crest / Curtin Coat of Arms

The sept Mac Cuirtin or Mac Cruitin, from which Curtin families derive their name and descent, belonged to the neighbourhood of Ennistymon in the barony of Corcomroe in north western County Clare. The name remained almost exclusively in Munster until this century, when families settled in the capital. Outside Dublin, the heaviest distribution of the name is still in Munster, in County Limerick and County Cork, where descendants of the County Clare sept established themselves The tradition of surnames in Ireland developed spontaneously, as the population increased and the former practice, first of single names and then of ephemeral patronymics or agnomina of the nickname type proved insufficiently definitive. At first the surname was formed by prefixing 'Mac' to the father's Christian name or 'O 'to that of a grandfather or earlier ancestor. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. Early records of the name mention Robert le Curten, 1275, County Norfolk. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. John Joseph CURTIN (1885-1945) was a very notable Prime Minister of Australia. He was the son of a County Cork man. He was a cousin of William P'Brien M.P. and related to the Nagles of Kilconway, County Cork.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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