This surname of CUMBRIDGE was originally La COM, a name meaning the dweller in a small valley. The name originated in Brittany, later to be found in Kent. The name is also spelt COMBRIDGE. William Woodgate of Stonewall married Joanna, daughter and heiress of Andrew CUMBRDIGE in 1602. A settlement was drawn up in September of that year and Andrew CUMBRIDGE granted certain lands, called 'Bramsell' to John Cowden and John Ashdowne of Chidingstone, in trust for the parties to the marriage and their issue, subject to the life interest of Andrew CUMBRIDGE. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. An early record of the name mentions Adam de COMBRUGGE, who was documented during the reign of Henry III.
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