Cumberbatch Family Crest / Cumberbatch Coat of Arms
The surname of CUMBERBATCH was an English habitation name from Comberbach in North Cheshire, so called from the old English personal name CUMBRA and BOECE, literally meaning the dweller at the stream where the Cumbrians live. The earliest of the name on record appears to be COMBURBACH (without surname) who was listed as a tenant-in-chief in the Domesday Book of 1086. CUMBERTUNA (without surname) was recorded in Cheshire in 1182. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. Roger Comberbach of Wych Malbank, was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1603, and Richard Cumberbach of Congleton, appears in the same Wills in the year 1633. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Francis Durham and Mary Cumberbach, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1739, and John Cumberpatch wed Elizabeth Scones at the same church in 1795. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The eagle depicted in the arms is emblematical of fortitude and magnaminity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error
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