The surname of CROTHERS was derived from the lands of Carruthers in the parish of Middlebie, Dumfriesshire. In local speech the name is pronounced as Cridders. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and where he actually lived. The family of Carruthers were in the 13th century, stewards of Annandale under the Bruces. Simon Carruthers, parson of Middlebie, swore fealty to Edward I. About 1320, Thomas, son of John de Carutherys received a charter of the whole lands of Musfald. Nigel de Carrothys was canon of Glasgow in 1337. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Early records of the name in England mention John de Carutherys, who was recorded in the year 1320, and William od Carruderys appears in the year 1460. William Corrodas was documented in the year 1625 in County Yorkshire.
In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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