This surname CROSLAND is of the locational group of surnames 'of Crosland' now South Crosland near Meltham, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. In the middle ages it was customary for a man and his family to be named after the village where they lived, or from the land that he owned. This name would identify the original bearer, and followed him wherever he moved. Early records of the name mention CROSLAND (without surname) who was recorded as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name appears as CROISLAND (without surname) in the year 1200. Ricardus de Crosseland, living in Crosseland, who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas de Crosseland was documented in County Yorkshire in the year 1440. William Crossland (victualler) was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1720. Elizabeth Crossland and Richard Crewe were married at St. James's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1784. Originally the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Crosland Hill, County York. Granted in the year 1665. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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