The surname of CRESWICK was a locational name 'of Creswick' a hamlet in the parish of Ecclesfield, near Sheffield. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. CRESWIC (without surname) who appears in the Domesday Book of 1086, appears to be the first of the name on record. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English nobility were soon granted to his followers. Domesday Book was compiled 20 years later. The Saxon Chronicle records that in 1085 'at Gloucester at midwinter, the King had deep speech with his counsellors, and sent men all over England to each shire to find out, what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and what it was worth. The returns were brought to him'. William was thorough. One of his Counsellors reports that he also sent a second set of Commissioners 'to shires they did not know and where they were themselves unknown, to check their predecessors' survey, and report culprits to the King'. The information was collected at Winchester, corrected, abridged, and copied by one single writer into a single volume. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were copied, by several writers into a second volume. The whole undertaking was completed at speed, in less than 12 months.
Other records of the name mention Johannes de Cresswik, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Johannes de Croswik, 1379, ibid. Francis Creswicke and Mary Ridges were married in London in the year 1679. Abram Tyzack Rawlinson and Eliza Albenia Creswicke were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1800.
The name is also spelt Creswicke.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of arms in 1884.
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