This name CRENEL is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic personal name Raonull, which is a borrowing from the Old Norman Rognvaldr. There are no less than fifteen variant spellings of the name. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. The name was first introduced into England by settlers, and was greatly reinforced after the Conquest. Early records of the name mention John M'Rynald or Makrynnild who was a tenant in Edinburgh in 1506. Allan McTynild was a witness at Gawrie in 1596, and Ranald M'Couilgas appears in 1563. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. This great Gaelic family emerged in latter years in the county of Leitrim, and their family seat was at Lough Scur Castle. By the 16th century, the name had been converted to Reynolds.
At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
Orders over $90 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).