The surname of CRAWSHAY was a locational name 'of Crawshay' now called Crawshaw-booth, a hamlet in the parish of Whalley, County Lancashire. The name derived from the Old English 'Crawa' meaning crow, plus 'Sceaga' meaning grove. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream.
Early records of the name mention Adam de Crawschawe, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Crawshawe of New Hall Hey, was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1602. William Crawhshawe married Emma Brummel at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1758. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. Translation of arms: Ermine symbolizes one of noble birth, and the greyhound denoted Liberty, Vigilance and Courage. Sable (black) was sable fur.
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