The surname of COVERD was a locational name 'the dweller at the covert' a wood full of thickets, a hiding place for deer and wild-animals. The original bearer would have lived nearby. Early records of the name mention Roger de Covert, of County Sussex, who was documented in County Sussex, during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). William Covert of Sussex, was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Henry Covert, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Later instances of the name mention John Coverd and Margaret Bayly who were married in London in 1527, and Launcelott Peckworth and Frauncis Covert were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1665. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
Translation of arms: Gules (red) denotes military fortitude and magnanimity. Ermine fur was the symbol of noble-birth, and the martlets were the emblem of one who was gregarious. Argent (white) denotes peace and sincerity.
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