This surname COLDRICK and its variants Goldrick, McGoldrick, Golden and Goulding, are in Ireland a branch of the O'Rourkes of Leitrim. The family are prominent in Cork, and the name is rendered in Gaelic as O'Goilin. The name meant one who was proud and fierce. This was anciently a sept of some consequence in and around the county of Leitrim. The tradition of surnames in Ireland developed spontaneously, as the population increased and the former practice, first of single names and then of ephemeral patronymics or agnomina of the nickname type proved insufficiently definitive. At first the surname was formed by prefixing 'Mac' to the father's Christian name or 'O 'to that of a grandfather or earlier ancestor. Early records of the name mention Walter Guldene in the year 1212. Hilde Golden was documented in Canterbury Kent in the year 1279. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and was found in Glasgow as Mag Ualghairg, the name meant 'one of high temper'. an old Galloway form of the name was MacGorlick, and it is also occasionally spelt as MacWalrick. Sir Duncan McOlrig possessed the chapelry of St. Ninians in the parish of Urguhart, circa. 1556. John Golden was a privateer captain in the legitimate service of James II, who nevertheless was condemned for treason and piracy in 1692 and duly hanged by order of an English court. Peadar Mac Ualghairg of County Meath (weaver), had a reputation as a Gaelic poet about the year 1800, was known in English as Peter Coalrake. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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