The outstanding figure in the history of this family is the first of them to come to Ireland, Milo de Cogan, who died in 1183. He was Strongbow's right-hand man in the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1171, and he was granted a huge area in County Cork by Henry II. Milo left no surviving son and the great territorial family therefore founded, and reinforced by more grants to Richard de Cogan in 1207, were still of sufficient importance to be listed among the chief gentry of Kinelea in 1591, but was practically extinct by the 17th century. Minor branches of it, however still survive to this day. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. In the latter part of the sixteenth century, an influx of settlers arrived under the patronage of Elizabeth I of England, and colonized the country beyond the 'Pale', the area around Dublin that was the only part firmly under English control. At the same time, groups of Presbyterian settlers were encouraged to migrate from Scotland to Ulster, thus establishing the distinctively Scottish surnames of Ulster. During the long centuries of English domination, Irish surnames were crudely Anglicized either phonetically or by translation. In the 19th century, political repression and famine combined to force many Irish people to seek other countries in which to live. Large numbers emigrated to the United States, where strong emotional ties to Ireland are still preserved in many families, while others found themselves transported, willingly or otherwise, to Australia, often after having first tried to make a living in England. Irish surnames are now very widely dispersed, and are common in England as well as in Ireland, the United States and Australia. Philip Cogan sailed to Spain in 1602 and two Cogan's were officers in southern regiments of Jame II's Irish army. Richard Cogan was a doctor of physics in Cork in 1707, and in 1798 a Pascho Goggin was in a deed relating to Charleville. Philip Cogan (1750-1834) was a composer of some note, and a Cork man.
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