Although originally all CODDY'S were Archdeacons the patronymic MacOda assumed by the Norman family in the course of time, superseded it so that now it is a numerous surname. The name in Irish is Mac ODA, and was derived from Odo le Ercedekne, whose family had settled in County Kilkenny at the beginning of the 13th century. They were prominent in the history of that county until the final conquest of Ireland by England in the 17th century. The Ormond Deeds and the medieval ecclesiastical records have a great many references to them. In 1659, when the 'census' of Ireland was taken, they were listed among the principal Irish names. William Frederick CODY was the American showman (l846-l9l7) known as 'Buffalo Bill'. He came from Scott Country, Iowa. An army scout and pony express rider, he earned his nickname after killing nearly 5,000 buffalo in eighteen months in pursuance of a contract to supply the workers on the Kansas Pacific Railway with meat. He served as a scout in the Sioux Wars but from l883 toured with his Wild West Show. In the Elizabethan Fiants Codd as well as Coddy is used as a synonym of Archdekin. The Codds, however are a distinct family. The first in Ireland in believed to have come over in 1169, and built Castletowncarne in the barony of Forth. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots.
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