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Cimo Family Crest / Cimo Coat of Arms

This Italian surname of CIMO was an occupational name for one who grew cumin or caraway, a plant of the carrot family. It was also locational meaning 'the dweller where cumin and caraway grew' from residence nearby. The name is also spelt CIMON and CIMMINI. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. A notable member of the name was CIMON (died 499 BC) Athenian soldier and statesman, the son of Miltiades, the conqueror at Marathon. He fought at the battle of Salamis (450. BC) and by 476, he was in supreme command of the Athenian forces in the patriotic struggle against the Persians, and captured Eion, a town on the river Strymon. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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