The surname of CHEVERALL was derived from the Old French name 'Chevrele'. It was an occupational name 'a maker of kid-leather goods'. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. The name was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest in 1066. There are two places, Great and Little Cheverell in Wiltshire, to whom the family could have given the name. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention William Cheuel, 1195, Berkshire. Tristram le Cheverell, was documented in the year of 1278 in the County of Wiltshire. The name is also spelt as Cheverall and Chevreul. A notable member of the name was Michel Eugene Chevreul (1786-1889) the French Chemist, born at Angers. He studied chemistry at the College de France in Paris. He lectured at the College Charlemagne, and was a director of the Gobelins tapestry works. In 1830, he became professor and then director of the Museum of Natural History. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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