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Caulfield Family Crest / Caulfield Coat of Arms

Caulfield Family Crest / Caulfield Coat of Arms

This surname CAULFIELD is the name of a prominent settler family in Ulster. It is used as a synomyn of McCall, Caffrey and Gaffery. This particular name is a locational name 'of Caulfield' a parish near Langholm, Dumfriesshire. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Adam de Caulfield, documented in 1195, Derbyshire. Richard Cauldfield was recorded in Yorkshire in 1379. Ricardus de Caulfield of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Caldefeld married Margaret Matthews at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1796. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. Many Highland families migrated from Scotland to Ireland during the 17th and 18th centuries, and were granted the lands of the native Catholic Irish. People heard of the attractions of the New World, and many left Ireland to seek a better life sailing aboard the fleet of ships known as the 'White Sails', but much illness took its toll with the overcrowding of the ships which were pestilence ridden. From the port of entry many settlers made their way west, joining the wagons to the prairies, and many loyalists went to Canada about the year 1790, and became known as the United Empire Loyalists. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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