During the Middle Ages surnames were first used in order to distinguish between numbers of people bearing the same christian name. As taxation, under William The Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066, became the law, documentation became essential, and names were chosen from a man's trade, his father's name, some personal physical characteristic, or from his place of residence. In the case of the name CAUDLE it was a locational name from CAULDWELL, a parish in the diocese of Litchfield, County Derbyshire. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Cristina CAUDEL, who was recorded in County Cambridge in the year 1273, and William CAUDEL of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Thomas CAWDELL was a Yeoman in London in 1587, and William, son of William and Mary CAWDLE was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1664. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Edward Foss and Eleanor CAUDELL were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1727. The name is also spelt CAWDELL and CADLE.
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