This surname of CART was a French locational name 'of de Carteret' a parish adjoining Barneville, in the arrondissement of Valognes in Normandy. The name is found early in Jersey also spelt as CARTERET and CARTRETT. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Philip de CARTA who was recorded in Jersey during the reign of Edward I (I272-1307) and John de CARTERET appears in the same document. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Later instances of the name include Thomas Scott and Carolina de CARTE who were married in Canterbury in 1663 (No church recorded) and Benjamin CARTERET and Dorothy Lane were married there in 1670. Edward Harvey and Mary CARTERET were wed at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1725. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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