The surname of CARRIER was an occupational name 'the carrier' a carter. Many modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identity individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. Early records of the name mention Thomas Carrier of County Somerset, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Willelmus Cariour who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Johannes Kerrear, 1379, ibid. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. Later instances of the name include Leonard Chapman and Margaret Carrier, were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1605. Thomas Carrier and Elizabeth Bliss were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1739. The Daily Telegraph, January 11th 1895, records the death of Thomas W. Carrier. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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