The surname CANTRELL was derived from the Old French 'chanterelle' a nickname for one who rang the small bell in church. The name came into England with the Conqueror in 1066, and was recorded in the Domesday Book as CAINTRELL. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, king of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had become King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the king's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. There is also a small place 'Cantrell' in County Devon, from which the name may have been derived.
Early records of the name mention Waterus de Cantelupo who was recorded in London in the year 1135. Roger de Cantelo was documented in County Somerset in the year 1185. Alice Cainterel, 1273, County Yorkshire. Johannes Quayntorell of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John, son of John Chaunterell was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1569. John Yorke and Judith Canterell of Berkshire, were married in London in the year 1632.
At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. (Cantrell).
Registered at Monsall, County Lancashire, and Bury, County Suffolk.
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