The surname of CAMPBELL was known as the race of Diarmid, for centuries the most powerful influence in Argyll and the West of Scotland. In the 13th century Archibald Campbell obtained the Lordship of Lochlow through his marriage with the daughter of the King's treasurer, and for a long period thereafter, the Campbells of Lochlow formed one of the chief branches of the clan. Early records of the name mention Gillespie Cambel, who held from the Crown, the lands of Menstrie and Sauchie in 1263, and he was also a witness to a charter by Alexander II erecting Newburgh in Fife into a burgh in favour of the monks of Lindores. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th century. They were not in use in England or Scotland, before the Norman Conquest of 1066, and were first found in the Domesday Book of 1086. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for a gentleman to have but one single name, as the meaner sort. It was not until the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) it had become general practice amongst all people. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
Plant Badge - Fir cub moss.
War Cry - Cruachan
Pipe Music - BAILE IONARORA
The Campbells are coming.
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