This surname CALLIE was a locational name 'of de Cailli' in the arrondissement of Rouen, France. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Hugh de Cailly, lord of Orby, county Norfolk was head of the family whence sprang the barony. Early records of the name mention CALLEY (without surname) who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, king of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had become King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the king's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. Early records mention Osbert de Caly, 1273, County Norfolk. Hugh de Caly, ibid. John Whalley and Mary Cawley were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1666.
Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
The name has many variants which include Caley and Cawley.
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