The associated coat of arms for the name BURSON are recorded in V & H.V. Rolland's Illustrations to the Armorial General, by J.P. Rietstap. The surname was a locational name 'the dweller near the bush' from residence nearby. The name is also spelt Bussen, Bursin, Busse, Buss and Bush. The name was also used in Middle English of a type of ship, and the surname may perhaps have been given to someone who sailed in one. The byname occurs in the Domesday Book of 1086 where a Siward Buss and John and Richard Buss, are recorded in Brasted in County Kent. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Sir John Buss of Lincolnshire emigrated to Flanders in the Middle Ages and it seems possible that Miss Frances Buss (1827-94) the pioneering headmistress of the North London Collegiate School for Girls, whose family came from Holland, was a descendant of his. Other records of the name mention Matilda Bus, who was documented in County Oxford in 1373. Adam Busse of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Dorathe Bush who was baptised at Kensington Church, London in 1600. Thomas Bush and Ann Chambers were married at Canterbury, Kent in 1670. Luke Bush and Isabel Fleck were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1747. Henry Galon and Susanna Buss were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1771. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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